Honolulu is a city on the Oahu island of the Hawaiian archipelago, the administrative center of the state of Hawaii and the county of Honolulu. Translated from Hawaiian, honolulu means “protected bay”.
Watch camera online in Honolulu
In the suburb of Honolulu is the main base of the US naval forces in the central Pacific Ocean - Pearl Harbor. History Archaeological evidence and some oral histories indicate that the first Polynesian settlement arose in present-day Honolulu in the 11th century. After conquering the island of Oahu, King Kamehameah I moved the royal court from the island of Hawaii to Waikiki (now the Honolulu area) in 1804. His courtyard was moved again in 1809 to what is now the city's business center. In 1812, the capital was moved to Kailua-Kona. In 1794, British officer William Brown was the first European to sail into Honolulu harbor.
The Russians first appeared in this area during the round-the-world expedition of I.F.Kruzenshtern and Yu.F. Lisyansky. Subsequently, the city becomes a focal point for merchant ships sailing between North America and Asia. The attempt to found a Russian colony and to bring the entire archipelago into Russian citizenship, undertaken in 1815-17 by Yegor Scheffer, was at first quite successful, was not supported by the Russian government. In 1845, Kamehameah III moves the capital of the Kingdom of Hawaii from Lahaina on Maui to Honolulu.
Under him, as well as under his successors, the city was turned into a modern capital, buildings such as the Cathedral of St. Andrew's Palace, Iolani Palace, Aliyolani Hale (today the building houses the Supreme Court of Hawaii). At the same time, the city is becoming an important center for trade on the islands; Descendants of American missionaries build large factories in downtown Honolulu. In 1893, the Kingdom of Hawaii ceased to exist, the islands became part of the United States in 1898. In 1900, a large fire broke out in the city, as a result of which most of the local Chinatown (about 15 hectares of territory) burned out.
The fire was caused by a campaign to burn infected houses under quarantine in connection with cases of bubonic plague. Due to the dense development of Chinatown, the fire quickly spread to neighboring buildings, more than 7,000 people were left homeless. In December 1941, the Pearl Harbor naval base located in the vicinity of the city was attacked by a Japanese aircraft carrier during the Hawaiian operation. During World War II, the city was one of the main supply centers for American forces in the Pacific theater of operations. The subsequent development of the city is associated with the tourism industry.