Many years ago on the shores of Lake Michigan began the birth of the third most populous city in the United States, known in the modern world as Chicago. The city owes its appearance to an ancient settlement of Indians who lived on the southwest side of the reservoir, overgrown with wild garlic bushes. The natives called the outlandish plant Chikagu. Traces of the thick, fragrant vegetation have long since disappeared, as have the Indians themselves, but the name of the town has remained.
In size and importance, the large American metropolis is second only to two cities - New York and Los Angeles. In terms of financial turnover, the capital is firmly in second place after the giant New York. Chicago is home to the North American continent's most important thoroughfares, helped in no small part by its location, which is optimal for transportation. The Harbor River Port, based on Lake Michigan, is responsible for large-scale freight traffic in conjunction with the St. Lawrence Ship Canal. The massive 0'Hare airport welcomes and escorts up to two hundred airliners hourly. The railroad line is in operation.
According to its administrative jurisdiction, the millionaire city is the center of Cook County and part of the state of Illinois. The residential agglomeration stretches along the coast for nearly 30 miles and, together with suburban communities, is home to nine and a half million Americans. For its impressive size, the agglomeration is called the "Greater Chicago". The city itself is home to about 3 million people, not much smaller than the legendary City of Angels and the Big Apple. The history of the community has not been without its nicknames, either. Paying homage to the fact that Chicago is considered the unspoken capital of the Midwest, Americans have nicknamed their small homeland the "Windy City" and the "Second City."
The second names of the huge settlement did not arise from nothing and are closely related to the rich history of the settlement. The year 1837 is an important date in the chronicles of the city, it is considered to be a mark of assigning the status of the former village of "city". And everything began with the initiative of the French missionary Jacques Marquette in the 70s of the 16th century. It was he who made the momentous decision to equip a Jesuit station here. By 1840, Chicago was already home to 4,000 citizens. The rapid growth of the young city in those days was helped by the key position of the future metropolis between the western and eastern parts of the United States. The entire great country was interested in the progress and development of a population center that could connect the transportation arteries of an entire nation.
Tragically, the great fire of 1871 played an important strategic role in the development of the city's modern appearance. Many structures in Chicago burned to the ground without any hope of reconstruction. It was necessary to urgently solve the fate of the affected settlement in a radical way. So it was decided to give priority to the construction of giant skyscrapers and high-rises that became the trademark of the Second City. The main concept of architects and builders was the idea of conquering space not in breadth, but upwards. Chicago was built in the shortest possible time. Architectural planning brought an unexpected climatic innovation to the city - the city became a favorite abode of fierce winds. Thus the nickname "Windy City" was born. Spiteful tongues still say that the name highlights not only the city's rampant winds, but also hints at the political attitudes of local residents in relation to the central government.
With the name "Second City" everything is much simpler. The convenient geographical location of the administrative center of Cook County could not help but give a rapid impetus to the growth of industry in the region. Initially, the agglomeration held the palm for meat and meat products production. Then the priority went to 3 heavy industry goddesses at once: iron and steel, chemicals, and machinery. The railroad and waterways added weight and importance to the growth of the giants, Chicago was unable to overtake only one single American monolith, New York, in the industrial field, securing its 2nd place on the industrial podium and the well-deserved nickname "The Second City."