Nicaragua is located on the Central American land bridge between the Pacific and the Caribbean Seas. The natural space of the country is formed by the Cordillera mountain ranges, between which is Lake Nicaragua, where the main areas of population settlement are located.
Nicaragua has a humid-hot tropical climate, softened in the mountains. Vast tropical forests cover the lowlands on the Caribbean coast.
The country is one of the poorest developing countries in Central America after a long civil war and devastating natural disasters. The main pillar of its economy is agriculture with the cultivation of export crops such as coffee, cotton, sugar cane and bananas.
Nicaragua borders Honduras in the north and Costa Rica in the south. Nicaragua is the largest, but also the most sparsely populated country in Central America after Belize.